Croatia - the long lost Mediterranean
Croatia is a European country located on the Mediterranean Sea or more accurately the Adriatic Sea which is a small part of the Mediterranean. Countries bordering Croatia are Slovenia, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia. Thus Croatia is a Central European country located on the crossroads where Western Europe meats Eastern European countries.
Croatia stretches in the form of an arc from the Danube river in the northeast to the Istria peninsula in the west and spreads along the coastline towards its southernmost city Dubrovnik in the southeast.
The ruling system in Croatia is democracy based on parliamentary elections.
The capital of Croatia is Zagreb which is also the largest Croatian City with almost one million people living there. In comparison the whole country has approximately 4,5 million people.
Croatia is somewhat known as the the land of the thousand islands because of its Adriatic coast which is among the most indented in the world. Croatia has altogether 1185 islands and islets that form a coastline of 4058 km (approx. 6500 miles) while the total length of the coastline is 1777 km (2500 miles).
If we would to divide Croatia geographically we could do it into three major natural and geographic parts:
The Pannonian and Peri-Pannonian area comprises of lowlands and hilly parts located in the eastern and northwestern Croatia. Mountains higher than 500 metres are rare and of an insular character.
This is mostly farm area, especially Slavonia and Baranja in the northeast. Humid valleys and the surrounding hills are richly afforested while the northwestern part, which gravitates to Zagreb, is industrially developed.
The hilly and mountainous area, separates Pannonian Croatia from its coastal part. This region is characterized by a intense growth of the already existing wood and timber industry, and the still under exploited potential for the production of healthy food, and winter and rural tourism.
The Adriatic Area includes the narrow coastal belt separated from the hinterland by high mountains. This part of Croatia is defined by its coastline. Thus the economy is typically Mediterranean, wine grapes, olive oil, fishing, and tourism belong to the major economy standpoints.
Climate in Croatia can also be divided into two parts where the Croatia's coast climate is typically Mediterranean, which means, mild winters with dry hot summers where winter temperatures range from 5 to 10°C and summer temperatures from 26 to 30°C and Croatia's continental part which belongs to typical european continental climate, winter temperatures from -1 to 3°C and summer temperatures from 22 to 26°C except for the mountainous regions where temperatures range from -5 to 0°C in winter time and 15 to 20°C in summer time.
Croatia - The home to Nikola Tesla and the Cravat
Most famous mind of the modern world descended from Croatia: Nikola Tesla was born in Smiljan, Croatia. The ultimate fashion accessory of the modern man is also of Croatian descent. The neck tie or the cravat , as the legend says, had been carried through Europe by Croatian soldiers and cavaliers who in wearing their traditional small, knotted neckerchiefs, aroused the interest of the Parisians and started a craze in the world. Due to the slight difference between the Croatian word for Croats, Hrvati, and the French word, Croates, the garment gained the name "cravat".